Category Archives: South America

Lima – Peru, South America

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Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central part of the country, on a desert coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population fast approaching 9 million, Lima is the fifth largest city in Latin America, behind Mexico City, São Paulo, Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro. Lima is home to one of the largest financial hubs in Latin America. It has been defined as a beta world city by GaWC international ranking.
Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as la Ciudad de los Reyes, or “the City of Kings”. It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru. Today, around one-third of the Peruvian population lives in the metropolitan area. Read the rest of this entry

Buenos Aires – Argentina, South America


Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America, after São Paulo. It is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent. Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the third-largest conurbation in Latin America, with a population of around thirteen million.
The city of Buenos Aires is not a part of Buenos Aires Province, nor is it the Province’s capital, but an autonomous district. In 1880, after decades of political infighting, Buenos Aires was federalised and removed from Buenos Aires Province. The city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Belgrano and Flores (both are currently neighborhoods of the city). The 1994 constitutional amendment granted the city autonomy, hence its formal name: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (Autonomous City of Buenos Aires). Its citizens first elected a Chief of Government (i.e. Mayor) in 1996; before, the Mayor was directly appointed by the President of the Republic. Read the rest of this entry

Rio de Janeiro – Brazil, South America

Rio de Janeiro  commonly referred to simply as Rio, is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest metropolitan area and agglomeration in South America, boasting approximately 6.3 million people within the city proper, making it the 6th largest in the Americas, and 26th in the world.
The city was the capital of Brazil for nearly two centuries, from 1763 to 1815 during the Portuguese colonial era, 1815 to 1821 as the capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves, 1822 to 1960 as an independent nation. Rio is nicknamed the Cidade Maravilhosa or “Marvelous City”.
Rio de Janeiro represents the second largest GDP in the country (and 30th largest in the world in 2008), estimated at about 343 billion reais (IBGE/2008) (nearly US$201 billion), and is the headquarters of two major Brazilian companies – Petrobras and Vale, and major oil companies and telephony in Brazil, besides the largest conglomerate of media and communications companies in Latin America, the Globo Organizations. The home of many universities and institutes, it is the second largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of national scientific production – according to 2005 data. Read the rest of this entry

Ipanema Beach – Brazil, South America

The Ipanema beach is one of the best beaches of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil, and one of the most famous of the world. Immortalized in worldwide well-known song of Tom Jobim, “Garota de Ipanema”, that in fact was based on the beauty of the beach and the grace and the sexuality of the Brazilian women, Ipanema is one of these beaches that not only stand out for his beauty, but also for the adrenaline that surrounds it: many persons, bars, restaurants, movement, exactly the opposite from a beach to find peace and calmness, but the ideal beach to know the Brazilian culture and to make friends. Also, Ipanema is located in an expensive quarter of Rio de Janeiro, reason for being considered to be the beach more “chic” of the “wonderful city”. Ipanema divides his approximately 2 kilometers long, in different sectors like the familiar, the one for lonely girls, the homosexuals part, the sports one, etc.

PIPA BEACH – Brazil, South America

This beach is located in the southern end of the coast of Rio Grande do Norte, and is just 90 KM from Natal and has 10 km of beaches where you can swim, take a romantic walk, contemplate nature surrounded by golden sands, natural pools of warm waters, coconut palms and spectacular cliffs. Besides, this beach is usually visited by turtles and dolphins, so you can take a look at them from the different viewpoints or even play with the animals while taking a bath in the ocean. The beach is known as Pipa because of the stones that you can find in it, that seemed to be barrels of wine or, at nights, spirits. This fact increase the mystery that evolve the beach and help to create a lot of legend related to the pirates that in the past came here to steal the most famous Brazilian wood (Pau Brazil).

FERNANDO DE NORONHA – Brazil, South America

Fernando de Noronha is a group of 21 volcanic islands 340 miles from Recife, Pernambuco, which was declared National Marine Park since 1988, in order to protect land and marine vegetation as well as land animals and marine life. In fact is difficult to catalogue Fernando de Noronha as a beach, because is a group of islands with many beaches, but we at Brazil Beaches decided to do it because will be unfair to make a ranking of the best beaches in Brazil and not include the most beautiful place in the whole country.  Read the rest of this entry

Copacabana beach – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The Copacabana beach resort is located in the vibrant and glamorous south zone of Rio de Janeiro with a 4 km strip of golden sands all there to fulfill your dream of a perfect journey.You can try surfing, swimming and even diving Copacobana. For those that prefer the sand rather than the water, the Copacabana beach resort can get you hooked on sand volleyball or a barefeet soccer game, or you can simply enjoy a great icy caipirinha from one of the many beach bars, while admiring the tanned beautiful brazilian girls around. Read the rest of this entry

Bora Bora – French Polynesia, South America

Bora Borais an island in theLeewardgroup of theSociety IslandsofFrench Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the Pacific Ocean. The original name of the island in theTahitian languagemight be better rendered asPora Pora, meaning “First Born”; an earlytranscriptionfound in 18th- and 19th-century accounts, isBolabollaorBollabolla. The island, located about 230 kilometres (140 mi) northwest ofPapeete, is surrounded by a lagoon and abarrier reef. In the center of the island are the remnants of anextinct volcanorising to two peaks,Mount PahiaandMount Otemanu, the highest point at 727 metres (2,385 ft). Read the rest of this entry

Abrico Beach Rio – Nudist Beach, Brazil, South America

Abrico Beach is located in the Grumari area and is one of the more interesting beaches in Rio de Janeiro. Although it may not be for everyone, its diversity makes it an adventure and a unique experience. With so many parts of nature spoiled by development, Abrico is one that remains unspoiled. Enjoy these 6 cool facts!
Nudist Beach – It is the beach chosen by those who wish to sunbathe and swim in the nude. This beach legally became a nudist beach in 2003. There was a period when it was not open due to this exact reason. The beach is open to everyone. You do not have to be a nudist. The clothing is optional and can be left on if you prefer.