New York city – USA, North America
New York is the most populouscity in the United States and the center of the New YorkMetropolitan Area, one of the most populousmetropolitan areas inthe world.New York exerts a significant impact uponglobal commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education,and entertainment. The home of the United NationsHeadquarters, New Yorkis an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed thecultural capital of the world. Thecity is also referred to as New York City or the City of New York to distinguish it from the state of NewYork, of which it is a part.
Located on one of the world’s largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn,Manhattan, Queens,and Staten Island. Witha 2010 UnitedStates Census populationof 8,175,133 distributedover a land area of just 305 square miles (790 km2), New York is the most denselypopulated major cityin the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, makingit the most linguistically diverse city in the world. The New York City Metropolitan Area’spopulation is the United States’ largest, estimated at 18.9 million peopledistributed over 6,720 square miles (17,400 km2), and is also part of the most populous combinedstatistical area inthe United States, containing 22.2 million people as of 2009 Censusestimates. New York is the mosthighly googled locationin the world; registering 4.6 billion search results asof September 2011.
New York traces its roots to its 1624 founding as a tradingpost by colonists of the Dutch Republic, and was named New Amsterdam in1626. The city and its surroundscame under English controlin 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of theUnited States from1785 until 1790. Ithas been the country’s largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greetedmillions ofimmigrants as they came to America by ship in thelate 19th and early 20th centuries.
Many districts and landmarks in New York City have becomewell known to its nearly 50 million annual visitors. Times Square, iconified as “The Crossroads of theWorld”, is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway theaterdistrict, oneof the world’s busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world’s entertainment industry. The city hostsmany world renowned bridges,skyscrapers, and parks.New York City’s financial district, anchored by Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, functions as the financial capital ofthe world and is home to the New York StockExchange, the world’s largest stock exchange by total market capitalization of its listed companies. Manhattan’s real estate market isamong the most prized and expensive in the world. Manhattan’s Chinatown incorporates the highest concentrationof Chinese people inthe Western Hemisphere. Unlikemost global rapid transit systems, the New York City Subway is designed to provide 24/7 service. Numerous colleges and universities arelocated in New York, includingColumbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, which are rankedamong the top 100 in the world.