Herceg Novi – Montenegro, Europe
Herceg Novi (Serbian Cyrillic: Херцег Нови; Greek: Νεοκαστρον, Neòkastron) is a coastaltown in Montenegro located at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor andat the foot of Mount Orjen. It is the administrative center of the HercegNovi Municipality with around 33,000 inhabitants. Herceg Novi was known as Castelnuovo (“Newcastle” in Italian) between 1420 and 1797 when was part of the AlbaniaVeneta of the Republic of Venice. Herceg Novi has had a turbulentpast, despite being one of the youngest settlements on the Adriatic. A history ofvaried occupations has created a blend of diverse and picturesque architecturalstyle in the city. The Herceg Novi municipality stretches from Prevlaka to the Verige strait. Herceg Novi is a majorMontenegrin tourist destination. It is well known as a spa and health center; nearby Igalo has an abundance of healingsea mud called “igaljsko blato” (Igalo mud) and mineral watersprings called “igaljske slatine” (Igalo water springs). The mostfamous tourist attractions in Herceg Novi are castle Forte Mare built by theBosnian king Tvrtko I in 1382, a clock tower built by Austrians in19th century, the Kanli tower built by Turks, and the Serbian church St.Michael Archangel in central Belavista Square. Herceg Novi is usually thefinal destination of buses that come from inland Montenegro and Serbia. The Adriatic Motorway, a two-lanemotorway that extends for the length of the Montenegrin coast, goes throughHerceg-Novi before it merges with the Croatian road network at the DebeliBrijeg border crossing. The area of the Bay of Kotor ischaracterized by a Mediterranean climate with dry and hot summers and warmwinters. Herceg Novi has a specific microclimate, which is a result of southernexposition, proximity to the sea, limestone substratum and mountainoushinterland which prevents the breakthrough of cold air masses.